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5-Card Draw Rules

5-Card “Low ball” overview and rules

5-Card Draw (“Low Ball”)
“Dealer’s Choice” variants: roll your own, hole-card wild, follow the queen, 2-7, etc.
Similar to 5-Stud High with following exceptions:
Lowest hand wins (no “8 or better” qualifier)
Straights and flushes DO NOT count as a high hand
Highest door card (suits–low to high: CDHS): forced “Bring-in” or “Complete”
Starting Hands (see 5-card low probabilities)
A-5 (the “Wheel”) is the nuts, but highly unlikely (0.0394%)
Any non-pair (50.7%) is often best when short-handed
T-high or better (i.e. lower) happens only ~10%
Position (low-hand opens from 3rd Street to River)
Odds and Outs Calculations (5-Stud calculators)

[sub-page per effective stack size]

General Strategic Considerations

Player Types: Statistics (see poker-strategy blog for details)

Table buy-in recommendations
Fixed Limit Draw: 15 bets recommended … 9 bets minimum stack size
Pot Limit or No Limit: match the table’s big stack if you have an edge, or buy in for the average to get your feet wet (see 6-max Texas Hold’em Bankroll Management)

5-Card Draw Low (generally only found in house games)

The Basics

Similar to Razz, i.e. straights/flushes are not high, and the Ace is low)
Hand Ranking: (spreadsheet)
Antes (~10% to 50% of the limit): may also be played with blinds as in Hold’em
2 betting rounds (before and after the draw): 3-raise limit (i.e. 4 bets per round)
Position: player immediately left of dealer or big blind is always first to act
Normally 6 players per table (absolute maximum of 7 – w/potential re-shuffles)
Minimum buy-in per table: FL 9 bets – 15-20 bets recommended stack

Betting and Drawing

Drawing: see 5-card deal and drawing probabilities spreadsheet
“Standing Pat”
Generally a monster (7 low or better), any non-pair or a bluff.

1 card
No pair, T-low, wheel-ish draw or a pair+ (i.e. post-draw bluff move)

2 cards (see spreadsheet for pairing odds)
Almost always 3 to the wheel or 8 high – within the realm of “idiot draws”

3 cards (high probability that the opponent has no idea, see pairing odds)

4 cards (must show the Ace – see point 3.d 😉
Odds and Outs Calculations (5-Card low calculators)

 

General Statistics

5-Card Hands: Low

5-Card LOW Hands # LOW Hands in 5 Cards Probability (as a %) Odds Against
5-high 1,024 0.039% 2537.1 : 1
6-high 5,120 0.197% 506.6 : 1
7-high 15,360 0.591% 168.2 : 1
8-high 35,840 1.380% 71.5 : 1
9-high 71,680 2.760% 35.2 : 1
10-high 129,024 4.960% 19.2 : 1
Jack-high 215,040 8.270% 11.1 : 1
Queen-high 337,920 13.000% 6.7 : 1
King-high 506,880 19.500% 4.1 : 1
Total 1,317,888 50.697%

Source: http://www.durangobill.com/LowballPoker/Lowball_Poker_5_cards.html

Starting-Hands Ranges

Full-Ring

6-Max

Heads-Up

Post-Flop Play

Flop

Turn

River

 

Starting-Hands Recommendations (“ranges”)

Full-Ring (i.e. 5-6 players) Starting Hands Recommendations

 

4-Max Starting Hands Recommendations

 

Heads-Up Starting Hands Recommendations

 

Strategy/Tactics

See our poker-strategy blog and of course in the Essential Poker Knowledge videos for additional details and clarification on the information provided here.

 

Strategy Recap and What’s to Come for Our Members

5-Card Draw Lowball …

 

Other Useful Tools for Maximizing Your Profit

 

Free Poker Resources and Equity Analysis Programs

Equity match-ups for hands and ranges and probability calculators

Pro Poker Tools (free equity analyses for multiple game types)

Tournament Results Tracker

Official Poker Rankings (player ratings based on online poker tournament results)